Monday, May 26, 2008

What is That Piece of Furniture Called?

by Bob Brooke

Do you sometimes get confused with furniture names? If you’re a collector of antiques, you probably have found that the same name can often refer to several different kinds of furniture. If you’re just starting to collect antiques, you’re probably just downright confused. Furniture was named in two ways: After its use or after its maker or manufacturer. Knowing that will help you in purchasing older pieces that may have names that seem strange to you today, for over time many furniture names have changed through use and have become part of the vernacular of English.
For instance, Lambert Hitchcock of Hitchcocksville, Connecticut, created the first mass-produced chair which today bears his name. The Boston rocker originated in a cabinetmaker’s shop in Boston. The davenport, a small desk with a hinged lid that opens out for writing, was originally made by William Davenport. Later, a large sofa which sometimes converted into a bed also became known as a davenport.
In colonial days, a bed meant a featherbed or mattress. The frame was known as a bedstead. Mirrors were known as looking glasses. A chest with four or more drawers was known as a high-daddy.
One of the oddest pieces of furniture is the commode. Initially a French chest of drawers on legs, later called a chiffonier and moved to refer to a movable washstand, with basin, waste pipe, etc. to a piece of furniture containing a chamber pot. Finally, the name became a pseudo-intellectual name for the common toilet.
Sofa, couch, love seat, or divan–all refer to the same type of seating. Or do they? A couch was actually a bed, from coucher, the French word meaning to lie down. A settee was an elongated armchair that accommodated two or more people. Developed in the 17th century, it was often upholstered.
A love seat was and still is a long seat consisting of two seating cushions and intended to accommodate two people. Anything with more than two cushions was called a sofa.
The sofa’s origins appear to stem from the French day-bed, referring to any type of elongated seating, including the chaise longue, or “long chair,” designed for resting rather than sleeping. It usually had a raised end. While most early sofas were upholstered, springs weren’t used in them until the early 19th century.
An ottoman was an upholstered footstool or low bench without arms or back, named after the Turkish influence of the early 18th century.
Case furniture, that is furniture used for storage, came in all sorts of forms. The trendy armoire was originally a large mobile cupboard or wardrobe featuring doors and shelves for clothes storage. A German variation was known as a kas. A more modern version, also containing drawers, came to be called a wardrobe.
Chests also came in many varieties. Originally a piece of squared furniture with drawers, it became known as a commode to the French. A variation used a desk, featuring a fall-front, a cylinder front or a tambour (roll-top) was called a bureau. A low English chest of drawers on long legs was known as a lowboy and later as a dressing table. By mounting a chest of drawers on top of it, it became a highboy, from the French haut bois which means "high wood."
Dining rooms had a sideboard, a table with a wide drawer at the center flanked by drawers or cupboards on the sides and made to be used against a dining room wall for storing and serving food. Sideboards began as credenzas, a serving table with a cupboard below the surface, in the 15th Century. In the 16th Century, an upper, recessed tier was added. This was also known as a “dresser,” where dishes were dressed before serving. Today, this piece of furniture is commonly called a buffet, based on its use as a vehicle for self-serve dinners.
Today’s china closet was originally called a vitrine, a cabinet with a glass door. The sides and top were often also of glass, and it was designed to store and display china and curios.
Lastly, to keep milk and freshly-baked pies protected from flies, simple cupboards, known as pie and milk safes, with doors fitted with decorative, pierced tin panels to let the air circulate through them, were popular from the 1820's to after the Civil War.



To read more articles by Bob Brooke, please visit his Web site

3 comments:

almostakbl company said...

شركة شراء اثاث مستعمل بالرياض والقصيم وجدة
شركة المستقبل من اهم وافضل الشركات التى تعمل فى مجال
شراء لااثاث المستعمل بالرياض
؛ تتعامل شركة المستقبل منذ عقود كبيرة فى اعمال الشراء للاثاث المستعمل والعمل على كيفيه القيام بكل الطرق الاساسية المميزة فى الشراء دون ان يتم تحمل اعباء عملاءنا الكرام فى الشراء ولا تكتفى شركة المستقبل بخدمة مكان معين فلدينا القدره على القيام باعمال الشراء فى اى مكان فى الرياض او الدمام او جدة والوصول الى اعلى مستوى من التميز فلا تتردد فى التعاقد والتعاون مع افضل شركة شراء اثاث متوفره فى الاسواق الان . تهتم
شركة شراء اثاث مستعمل بالرياض
بتقديم عدد من النصائح والاستشارات المميزة فى اعمال الشراء والعمل على تقديم افضل الطرق التى تساعد فى اعمال الشراء على اعلى مستوى من الخدمة فاذا احتاجت اى استشارة شراء اثاث او القيام بالتخلص من اى قطعه من الاثاث
فعليك ان تتواصل مع شركة المستقبل
محلات شراء الاثاث المستعمل بالرياض
والدمام وجدة والقدرة على الوصول الى اى مكان فى المملكة العربيه السعودية ؛امر الشراء للاثاث المستعمل سواء الاثاث المكتبى – الاثاث المنزلى – اى قطعه من الاثاث من غرف النوم – غرف الاطفال – الكنب – الركنيات – المطابخ – الصالونات – السفرة – النيش ........ وغيرها من اى قطعه من الاثاث فشركة المستقبل هى التى تقوم باعمال الشراء لاى قطعه من الاثاث على الفور .
خدمات
شركة شراء الاثاث المستعمل
والدمام وجدة .
شراء اثاث مستعمل بالقصيم
من الكركبة والفوضى فقط .

• تعرف على الاسباب التى تم من خلالها وما هو السبب الذى ادى الى بيعها هل هى
شراء اثاث مستعمل جدة
بيها روائح كريهه فهذه لا تصلح على الاطلاق .
• ابتعد عزيزى العميل كل البعد عن اى قطعه من الاثاث يتواجد بيها اى نوع من انواع الحشرات وبالاخص الصراصير المتواجده فى الاخشاب لان تكاثرها يكن اكبر مما تتخيل .
• تنصحك شركة المستقبل بالقيام باعمال الشراء للقطع الاثاثية المميزه التى تصلح للدهانات وسهوله وضعها فى اى مكان ولا تقوم باختيار القطع الاثاثية التالفه او الغير مدهونه .
هذه افضل النصائح التى تستطيع من خلال تطبيقها ان تقوم باعمال الشراء لاى قطعه من الاثاث وبالاضافة الى ان الشركة تعمل على تقديم عدد من الاستشارات فى اعمال الشراء بالاضافة الى اننا نهتم بتطبيق عدد من الخدمات وعدد من النصائح بالاضافة الى عدد من الافراد المتخصصين فى اعمال الشراء للاثاث المستعمل ؛ فمعاناه عملاءنا الكرام فى الشراء اعطتت لنا فرصه كبيرة فى عمل فحص كامل وشامل فى اعمال البحث والوصول الى افضل النتائج المميزة فى شراء اى قطعه من الاثاث المستعمل فنحن متميزين وطريق المثالى الذى يعطى لك فرصه شراء للاثاث دون ان تشعر انها كانت مستعمله من قبل هو شركة المستقبل .

NohaKhan said...

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